Once the results of the study are complete, it is time to start writing your article for publication in a scientific journal or other forum.
The main purpose of medical research is to improve human health. In order to achieve this purpose, the results from research need to be communicated in an understandable way, and to reach the correct recipient.
By means of scientific articles, research results can be disseminated to researcher colleagues, healthcare personnel and the general public, and generate further development in the long term and function as a basis for changes in healthcare. Before scientific articles are published, they are scrutinised using peer review. The persons scrutinising the article are experts in the subject area, and the scrutiny is carried out to ensure the research is of a good scientific standard.
It is an advantage if the article is written using simple language, and gives a clear answer to the scientific question. Being clear with both the message and what you want to disseminate facilitates matters for both the readers and the author.
The websites of journals have detailed instructions for authors, including the type of publications the journal can receive, what headings should be included, information on how the publication shall be formatted, and the rules that apply for any figures or tables. A typical medical scientific articles is divided up into introduction, method, result and discussion, and answers the questions:
Selecting the journal is an important part of the publication process. Important factors to consider are:
The choice of journal is directed by the strength of the message, that is to say both the scientific strength and the novelty value. It is a good idea for the selection of journal to be done as early as possible, so that the design is right from the start.
Journals are ranked according to how often their articles are cited, that is to say according to their impact factor. The International Scientific Institute has searchable lists of the impact factors of indexed journals. You can also often find information about impact factor on the journals’ own websites. You can also ask a librarian within your organisation or at your HEI for advice and help in selecting a journal.
Publishing with open access entails scientific publications, financed by public funds, being accessible by all, in digital format and free of charge.
National guidelines for open access to scientific information are available on the website of the Swedish Research Council. You can read more about open access and open archives at Swedish universities and HEI on the website of the National Library of Sweden.
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